Young people should not wear sandals with thin soles. Thin belts and thin soles make it look light and comfortable, but actually they are harmful to human health. If the sole is too thin, 60% of the body weight will be pressed on the heel at the moment the foot lands on the ground, and walking for a long time will cause pain in the ankle, knee, hip joint and waist. The whole foot is only wrapped by a few thin and narrow belts or cloth belts. If it is not fixed enough, it is easy to sprain the ankle. Sandals with thick soles and arch pads should be selected. It should be reminded that thick soled sandals are not “muffin shoes” with sloping heels, and the front and rear heights should not differ too much, otherwise it is easy for people to lean forward and lose their center of gravity and sprain their feet when walking. The heel height should be 1-2cm, not more than 5cm. The more straps the sandals have, the better. In this way, the pressure of the body on the toes can be reduced. It is not necessary to grasp the shoes with the toes when wearing them, and the support to the body can be enhanced accordingly.
In addition, Jane Anderson, spokesperson of the American foot Association, believes that a pair of comfortable sandals should first be soft (such as cloth or leather). Although many plastic sandals on the market are cheap and good-looking, they are generally hard in texture and can easily abrade your feet into blisters. The plastic is impermeable, and the sweat covered locally cannot volatilize, and redness and swelling will occur after a long time.
Old people wear sandals with hard soles and soft cushions. Some old people dare not wear sandals for fear of catching cold and getting hurt. In fact, wearing the right sandals can also make them feel comfortable and healthy. Zhang Jianzhong, director of the Department of orthopaedics of Beijing Tongren Hospital Affiliated to Capital Medical University and a professor of foot and ankle disease, told the life times that with the growth of age, the joints, ligaments and bones of the foot will age, and the arch of the foot will gradually collapse, resulting in elderly flat feet and a significant decline in the ability to support the body. The old people’s feet are most afraid of squeezing, and some people even feel permanent pain after one squeeze. Therefore, the elderly should buy shoes with hard soles and soft insoles, and never buy soft soled shoes; It is best to adjust the fat and thin at any time, such as lace up or shoes with sticky buttons; Shoes for the elderly must have good anti-skid performance. When wearing sandals, it’s best to wear a pair of thin cotton socks, which can not only prevent the elderly’s feet from cooling, but also protect them from bumps, bacteria, dust and other disease risks.
The lining of children’s sandals is flannelette. The skin of children’s feet is delicate, so soft flannelette can be properly lined on the worn part of new shoes to avoid blisters caused by friction. If there are blisters, wash them with soap and avoid re abrasion. Never tear off the skin. You should prick a small eye on the side of the blister with a needle disinfected with alcohol to let the liquid flow out, then apply some antibiotic ointment on the wound, and then cover it with a band aid.
In addition, women also pay attention to the choice of shoes during pregnancy. Zhang Jianzhong said that after pregnancy, the ligaments of the whole body become loose, and the pressure of increasing weight on the arch of the foot is easy to cause the arch to collapse. Therefore, the shoes of pregnant women must have arch pads.