The rules of fencing

1. Rules of fencing competition: preparation

The competition takes place on a 1.5 to 1.8 meter wide and 14 meter long kendo. When the referee announced that they were ready for the match, the players from both sides were in position two meters away from the center line. The team members should stand on their sides. The swords in their hands must be pointed at the opponents, and the hands without swords should lean behind. Every time an athlete scores a point, he has to return to this position and compete again.

2. Rules of fencing: Score

Using Epee, foil and saber to hit is to stab the opponent with the sword tip, so that the sword tip can clearly and accurately stab at the effective part and have the nature of penetration. Any hit that reaches any part of the opponent’s body is a tangible, physical and substantial hit. In order to make it an effective hit and score, the landing point must be within the effective part specified by the relevant sword.

3. The rule of fencing: Draw

In the nine minutes, if the two sides are equally divided, then there will be an extra minute, using the sudden death method. In order to prevent both sides from defending too much, drawing lots before extra time determines who will be the winner if both sides fail to score in extra time.

4. Fencing rules: team competition

In team competition, each player and the other three players take turns to compete. The player who gets 5 points first is the winner, and then the players cross the competition. The team who gets 45 points first is the winner.

5. Rules of fencing competition: fouls and penalties

After the game is restarted, the game is generally started from the same place (except for the penalty loss). Generally, the penalty of losing the venue is to move the scene of the game one meter to the offending team. If both legs of the player touch the baseline, he will be punished with a sword.

After warning, if you repeat the same mistake, you will also be punished with a sword. For example, sprinting in the sabre, deliberately making physical contact in the foil, and pushing the opponent in the Epee are also intentional physical contact behaviors. Will be punished to hit a sword, turn back to the opponent, illegally drag and stab the sword tip on the field, or cover it with a non swordsman to avoid being hit is a foul. This is the first time to give a yellow card warning. If you violate it again, you will show a red card and be awarded a sword hit by the other party. For those more serious fouls, such as revenge, rude collision and collusion with opponents, they will be directly expelled with a black card.

What are the categories of fencing


Foil is a complete stabbing weapon. It is only effective in the sharp stab of the sword, and it is invalid in the horizontal stroke of the sword pole. The effective hit area is the upper body. The effective part of the foil hit is covered by a metal coat, so that the electronic instrument can distinguish between effective and ineffective hits. The foil weighs 500 grams and is 110 centimeters long.


The sabre is a weapon that splits and stabs. In actual combat, the score is the most. The effective parts to hit are the upper body, helmet and arms. See the black part in the figure below. The effective part of the hit is covered by a metal coat, so that the electronic instrument can distinguish between effective and ineffective hits. The sabre weighs 500 grams and is 105 centimeters long.


Epee is a complete stabbing weapon. Only the point hit is valid, but the body strike is invalid. The effective parts to hit include the whole body, namely, trunk, legs and feet, hands and arms, and helmet. Epee can’t weigh more than 750 grams and be 110 centimeters long at most. It is heavier and harder than the foil. Unlike foil and sabre, epee is effective every time it hits.

Precautions for fencing

1. Make sufficient preparations before practice

There should be sufficient preparation before practicing fencing. The preparation time is 20-30 minutes, including running, joint exercises, games, ligament pulling, etc. Through sufficient preparation activities, all ligaments and joints can be fully moved to improve the excitability of nerves and muscles, effectively overcome the physiological inertia of internal organs, and make all organs of the body excited and moving. Don’t do strenuous exercise without making preparations, which will cause joint, muscle and ligament strain and affect normal training.

2. Follow the principle of gradual and orderly progress, and do not rush for quick success

The most important principle in learning fencing is systematicness. Only by arranging learning and training plans correctly, scientifically and reasonably can we better master fencing skills. We must not covet too much and try to be fast, otherwise we will not achieve speed.

3. Have the ability of self-protection

The process that fencing learning must go through is actual combat. It is easy to get hurt if you carry out actual combat without wearing protective equipment. Therefore, it is a better self-protection measure to wear protective equipment during actual combat practice. Protective equipment includes fencing helmet (steel visor), competition suit, gloves, competition socks and competition sword.

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