Beware of diabetes lurking in you

Wen Wei Po recently reported that at present, there are 70 million diabetes patients in China, and the proportion of people in pre diabetes accounts for 15% of the total population, which means that the proportion of people with high blood sugar in China has reached one fourth. More than 10 years ago, the age of diabetes patients in China was mostly around 50 years old, but in recent years, the age of newly diagnosed patients was mostly around 30 to 35 years old, and the age of onset was significantly earlier. What are the methods to treat diabetes? What are the misunderstandings in people’s understanding of diabetes?

What are the signs of diabetes?

Diabetes is caused by various pathogenic factors, such as genetic factors, immune dysfunction, microbial infections and their toxins, mental factors, etc., which act on the body and lead to pancreatic islet dysfunction, and then trigger a series of metabolic disorder syndromes such as sugar, protein, fat, water and electrolyte.

Clinically, hyperglycemia is the main characteristic. Typical cases may have polyuria, polydipsia, overeating, emaciation and other manifestations, that is, “three more and less”. According to the American Journal of life science, fatigue, slow wound healing, dry and itchy skin, acupuncture numbness in feet and blurred vision are also signs of diabetes, but not every diabetes patient will have these symptoms.

The earliest medical books in China, Huangdi Neijing Suwen and Lingshu, all recorded this disease, which was called “thirst quenching disease” at that time.

Insulin cannot be synthesized or used normally in diabetes patients. Most of the food eaten by a person will be decomposed into glucose, the main energy substance required by the human body.

But if the body can’t produce enough insulin or insulin can’t function normally, glucose will stay in the blood and will not be absorbed into the cells to participate in metabolism. High glucose content in the blood will cause damage to nerves and blood vessels, and then cause many complications, such as heart disease, stroke, kidney disease, blindness, and even amputation in extreme cases.

diabetes is no longer “geriatric disease”

Many people think that diabetes is far away from themselves and is an old-age disease. Unexpectedly, diabetes may have been “lurking” around young people, waiting for opportunities. Liu Dehua, member of the Standing Committee of the diabetes Professional Committee of the association of Integrated Chinese and Western medicine of Guangdong Province, pointed out that the trend of younger diabetes is becoming increasingly obvious.

More than 10 years ago, the age of diabetes patients was about 50 years old, but in recent years, the age of newly diagnosed patients is mostly about 30 to 35 years old, and the age of onset is significantly earlier.

According to the statistics of the International Diabetes Federation, there are 233 million patients with diabetes in the world at present, and it is growing at the rate of 7 million every year. According to the current growth rate, it is estimated that 380 million people in the world will suffer from diabetes by 2025.

According to Liu Dehua, in recent years, the incidence rate of diabetes has risen sharply and the trend of youth has become increasingly obvious. There are many reasons. The first is genetic factors. Most diabetes patients have familial background; The second is the change of dietary structure, such as changing from plant-based diet to animal based diet, which leads to excess total calories; There are also unhealthy lifestyles, such as obesity caused by eating more and moving less; In addition, the aging of society has also led to the increase of incidence rate.

“Many young people believe that they are young and strong. They often drink too much, socialize too much, eat too much, and stay up too late. In addition, lack of exercise and many other factors cause excessive nutrition, which increases the burden of pancreatic islets and ultimately leads to diabetes.” Liu Dehua stressed that the younger the patient, the more strict the control and treatment should be.

The treatment of diabetes includes diet control, exercise, drug treatment, self-monitoring and popular science education. Among them, diet control and exercise are the premise, drug treatment is the main means, self-monitoring and popular science education are the auxiliary means, and the goal of treatment can be fully achieved only with the cooperation of five aspects.

break the five myths of diabetes

According to Huang Liqi, chief physician of Endocrinology and metabolism Department of Cathay Pacific hospital, the Asia Pacific region is a “red alert area” for diabetes. Entering the 21st century, the number of people with diabetes in the world is increasing at a rate of doubling every 10 years, and almost all of the increase is in the Asia Pacific region. The most important reason is the change of eating habits.

In fact, many of the threats of diabetes are caused by dietary myths.

Myth 1: I’m very thin and won’t get diabetes.

Li Jiapei, a nutritionist at Taiwan’s Tai’an hospital, said that the common cause of diabetes is obesity, but people who are not overweight and have an unbalanced diet may also suffer from diabetes. For example, people who often eat high-fat foods will have an increased risk of diabetes.

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