How can wrong living habits hurt people?

I don’t sleep enough, I’m short.

In recent years, the height of Chinese people has been soaring. But there are still many people who worry that they are not tall, and their job search and love will be affected. In fact, in addition to nutrition, height is also affected by heredity, disease, sleep and other factors.

Luo Xiaoping, chief physician of Pediatrics of Wuhan Tongji Hospital, said that sleep is a key factor affecting height, especially in early childhood, because growth hormone, which promotes human growth, is secreted in a pulsed manner throughout the day and reaches its peak about 2 hours after falling asleep. At this time, the secretion of growth hormone accounts for almost half of the secretion of a day, which is a long golden time. After a follow-up study by scholars from Emory University in the United States, it was found that before the baby’s height increased 48 hours, it would appear that the baby would get 4.5 hours of sleep for two consecutive days. Every time a sleepy baby sleeps, the likelihood of height growth increases by 43%; For every additional hour of sleep, this possibility increases by 20%. Moreover, childhood is the key period for developing sleep patterns. Once the work and rest habits are fixed, it will be difficult to correct them when you grow up. Therefore, it is recommended that infants under 1 year old sleep 16 hours a day; Children aged 1-3 years sleep 12 hours every night and two or three hours during the day; Children aged 3-6 years sleep 10-12 hours a day; For primary school students, it takes 9-10 hours.

eat fast and metabolize disorderly

Wind swept clouds and wolfing down are the image descriptions of fast eating, and people’s eating time is indeed rapidly “shrinking”. The survey shows that 43.31% of 2743 people use only 5 minutes for the “shortest meal a day”. This “accelerated” eating hurts their bodies unconsciously. Tao Lin, deputy chief physician of the gastroenterology department of the Beijing Hospital of traditional Chinese medicine, said that many patients have the habit of eating fast. Often, the esophagus is filled again before it has time to wriggle, resulting in symptoms such as acid reflux and heartburn to varying degrees.

Ma Liping, vice president of Guangxi nutrition society, pointed out that eating too fast will make the brain too late to remind the gastrointestinal tract to receive food, and the stomach will be filled all of a sudden, which will not only lead to obesity, but also bring digestive and metabolic disorders and other diseases. For this reason, Li Haiying, deputy chief physician of the child care department of the Capital Institute of Pediatrics, suggested that when eating, don’t rush children, don’t eat faster than children, and correct their behavior of not concentrating on eating. A more appropriate meal time, such as half an hour, can be set according to the children’s eating capacity to help them control their eating speed and develop good eating habits from an early age.

cold food and poor digestion

A new study published in the American Journal of Gastroenterology found that the incidence rate of gastrointestinal diseases was higher in the continuous hot weather. Swiss researchers analyzed the incidence of gastrointestinal diseases during the 17 heat waves from 2001 to 2005. The results showed that the incidence of gastrointestinal diseases increased by nearly 5% every day after the temperature rose, which was related to eating too cold in hot days. Li Haiying said that it is most important to pay attention to children, especially in childhood, because children’s gastrointestinal tract is relatively weak and their ability to adapt to cold and heat is poor. Eating too much cold drinks or fruits will cause gastric mucosal blood vessels to contract, which is easy to lead to intestinal dysfunction over time.

Tao Lin pointed out that children who love cold drinks generally look sallow and thin, and have poor resistance. Therefore, it is suggested that parents should not treat buying cold drinks as a pet for their children. Even the fruits and yogurt in the refrigerator should be taken out and kept for 1 hour before giving them to their children; Cool things include autumn pear paste, mung bean soup, watermelon juice, etc., which should also be eaten in moderation.

eating snacks, chronic gastritis

There are about 120 million patients with gastrointestinal diseases in China, which is a “big country with stomach diseases”. Among them, chronic gastritis and peptic ulcer are more common, and the incidence rate is 30% and 10% respectively. Tao Lin pointed out that many unhealthy eating habits are the main reason why the stomach often “gets angry”. For example, almost every child likes snacks, but eating wrong or poorly is one of the factors leading to chronic gastritis.

The non-profit organization “love the earth” pointed out in a survey that 1 / 10 children in China eat snacks containing additives more than three times a day, and 6% of children drink more than three bottles of drinks every day. In this regard, Tao Lin pointed out that snacks are high in calories, which can make children feel full. When they should eat, they don’t want to eat, and when they are hungry after dinner, they take snacks to satisfy their hunger. In the long run, the biological clock of three meals will be disrupted, and the probability of chronic gastritis and functional dyspepsia will greatly increase when you grow up. Therefore, Li Haiying suggests that you should also choose healthy snacks, such as nutritious cereal, fruit, cheese, yogurt, etc., while instant noodles, ham sausage, jelly, instant milk tea and so on are best not to eat. In addition, the time to eat snacks is also very important. It is better to fix it between two meals, that is, around 10 a.m. and 3 p.m., without affecting the normal three meals; When eating, it’s better to sit at the table and form a good habit.

playing pad, cervical spondylosis

According to statistics, the incidence rate of cervical spondylosis has increased significantly in recent years, and shows a trend of aging. At present, the smallest cervical spondylosis patient in China is only 7 years old. In fact, cervical spine problems are not formed in a short time, but caused by long-term bad habits, and even from the childhood stage.

Now, mobile phones, tablets and game consoles have become children’s new favorites. At family dinners, the original playful animals have become small “bow heads” holding electronic products. Dong Jiyuan, chief physician of orthopedics department of the PLA General Hospital, said that each segment of the spine has a certain physiological curvature, which plays a buffering role. Facing the computer, long-term inactivity of the neck will change the physiological curvature of the cervical spine, stimulate the nerves or blood vessels in the spinal canal, and easily develop into cervical spondylosis. Relevant surveys also show that 81.6% of those who use the computer for more than 4 hours a day have scoliosis of varying degrees. Li Haiying said that although it is not realistic to completely isolate children from mobile phones and computers, it is necessary to prevent children under the age of 4 from contacting such products and strictly control the contact time (no more than half an hour a day). When looking at computers, mobile phones, etc., keep your eyes at a proper distance from the screen. You can’t sit upright or always keep the same posture.

capricious, high blood pressure

If you don’t say something right, you will give up. If you don’t say what you want, you will get angry. If you encounter a little setback, you will never recover… Many people are affected by emotions in life. These problems have a lot to do with their growing environment and family education.

Most of today’s children are only children, spoiled from childhood, self-centered, and always ignore the needs and wishes of others. Professor Li Jianming, executive director of the China Mental Health Association, pointed out that most of the personality problems after growing up were caused by improper family education. If parents spoil their children too much and move blindly, it will be difficult for them to adapt to society, and they will be more likely to encounter setbacks and obstacles. At the same time, it is difficult to avoid the impact of willfulness on the body. A psychological study by the University of Iowa in the United States found that frustration and pressure will promote the secretion of the stress hormone cortisol in the body. In the long run, it will lead to weight gain and blood pressure increase. Therefore, Li Jianming suggested that parents should correct their children’s wayward behavior in time and let them spend more time with their peers. Children will not blindly accommodate each other, but can let them understand that it is impossible to get along with others happily if they are self-centered, so that they can gradually learn to compromise, compromise and give up, gradually form good social adaptability, and enhance their sense of teamwork.

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