1. Karate rules
Karate competition is divided into individual competition and team competition. During the game, one referee is on the court, and four Deputy referees perform the referee’s work in the four corners outside the court. Athletes wear karate suits (the same as judo suits), barefoot, with red belts on one side and white belts on the other.
Competition Venue: 8M × 8 meters. The competition time is generally 2 minutes. If any player of either side hits or kicks the other side’s face, neck, chest, abdomen, back and other parts (no contact, keep a certain distance) within 2 minutes and is judged by the referee to be correct and effective, he will get one point, which is a victory. If it is not hit or kicked to the specified position, the winner will be evaluated according to the level of technology, spirit and attitude. Those who commit serious violations will be disqualified.
2. Karate rank
Karate’s segment level system and ribbon system were created with reference to judo. The karate rank system was issued by Chuan Yue Yizhen in 1924, which is the earliest karate rank system in history.
Like judo, karate is divided into black belt and white belt. A black belt is a person with a period, and a white belt is a beginner. Between the black belt and the white belt (level 1-3), most schools have tea belts. Some schools originally had green, yellow, and green bands, but today they have been generalized. There are differences in segment level and color band among various schools. The traditional empty hand segment is recognized by the all Japan Karate League.
The titles of karate include Fan Shi, priest (Master) and Yi Shi, which were first awarded by the great Japan Wushu Association. After Japan surrendered in 1945, it was disbanded under the order of the supreme commander of the United Nations (GHQ / SCAP). After that, it will be awarded by each school or guild.
3. Karate techniques
Basic skills: karate training is based on various standing postures, repeatedly practicing fixed defense and attack techniques, such as standing, defense, boxing, leg techniques until “defensive counterattack”, which is somewhat similar to the practice of “one move in one form” in Chinese martial arts.
Basic movement: the technique of moving back and forth and left and right while maintaining a certain posture is called basic movement in karate. “Posture” includes “three standing”, “front drive standing” and “four limbs standing”. It can also be used in the movement of “cat foot standing” and “sliding step”.
Turn around method: This is a full body movement used by karate to face the enemy. It is usually based on “cat foot standing” and combines the basic skills of hands and feet in the rotation of the body in all directions to achieve attack or defense.
Routine: routine is a comprehensive and continuous application of the above four techniques, which is used for comprehensive training, martial arts practice and actual combat activities of karate. It is the crystallization of the experience and painstaking efforts of senior masters over the years. There are three types of routines, namely “popular”, “basic” and “open-hand”.
Organization of karate match
1. The competition can be divided into team competition and individual competition. The individual competition is based on the weight scale and the infinite scale. Weight classification is subdivided into bouts. Round matches also include individual individual matches in team matches.
2. In the team competition, the number of karate players of each team must be an odd number; The men’s team consists of 7 players, including 5 players; The women’s team consists of four players, including three players.
3. Before the karate competition, the representatives of each team shall select the contestants from the list of 7 males or 4 females in the team, and fill in the order of attack of the contestants in the form specified by the club and hand them over. Any karate team member or coach who changes the players or order of appearance without submitting a written report will be disqualified.
Injuries and accidents in karate competitions
1. If a player falls, falls, or is knocked down, and cannot stand up within 10 seconds, he is not suitable for continuing the competition, and will automatically lose the right to compete freely in the competition.
If a contestant falls, falls, or is knocked down and cannot stand up immediately, the presiding judge must whistle as a signal timekeeper to start the countdown of 10 seconds. Call a doctor at the same time. When the chief judge raised his arm, the timekeeper immediately stopped counting the seconds.
2. Injured players who have been declared unfit to play by the conference doctor shall not participate in all the competitive matches.
3. If the injured player wins due to his injury, he shall not compete again without the permission of the doctor. If the injured player wins the second game again due to the disqualification of the opponent, the player shall not participate in the ongoing race.
4. When a contestant is injured, the presiding judge shall immediately stop and ask a doctor for examination. Doctors only do diagnosis and treatment.
5. The injured player has only 3 minutes to receive treatment. If the treatment cannot be completed within 3 minutes, the presiding judge will decide whether to judge the player as unfit to continue the competition or decide to extend the treatment time.