Spring Festival is coming. Be alert to six health hazards

The 2016 Spring Festival transportation will begin on January 24 (the 15th day of the 12th month of the lunar calendar). China’s annual “human migration” spring transportation will begin again. Many people have happily prepared or are embarking on the way home for reunion. However, with the surging tide of people, the hard work of boats and cars, and the poor air in the sealed space, it is inevitable that there will be various kinds of discomfort. So on the way to the Spring Festival transportation, we should be alert to the six major health hazards and return home healthy

1. carsick

Carsickness is a situation we often encounter. Whether it is a train or an airplane, a long journey is a test for our health. Even if you are in good health, you will feel dizzy. This is due to long-term turbulence, tension, physical discomfort, excessive fatigue and other reasons.

suggestions: carsickness is not a disease, but a stress reaction. Don’t be too nervous. People who often get carsick should ensure adequate sleep the night before departure, don’t eat too much, don’t eat greasy food, and eat some digestible food. If necessary, take anti carsickness medicine half an hour in advance or stick sliced ginger on your navel, smell orange peel or take fresh ginger juice. In addition, try to avoid looking at moving scenery outside the window when taking a bus.

2. influenza

During the Spring Festival travel, the high population density, increased close contact frequency, poor ventilation and hygiene conditions, cold weather, travel fatigue, and decreased resistance all increased the risk of influenza infection.

suggestions: it is recommended that passengers drink water on the bus or wear masks for active prevention; You can get off at the stop on the way for ventilation; Try to avoid touching eyes, nose and mouth with hands. If you have a cold and other uncomfortable symptoms before departure, you should delay your trip and do not force yourself out.

3. diarrhea

On long-distance buses and trains, due to insufficient facilities on the train, many passengers ignore the requirements of hand washing and dietary hygiene, or eat cold food on the train, causing the onset of digestive tract diseases, which is very easy to cause abdominal pain, diarrhea, vomiting and so on.

suggestions: pay attention to dietary hygiene and try to eat regularly is the premise to avoid gastrointestinal diseases. Wash your hands with soap before eating on the train. If you are afraid of running out of water, you’d better prepare sterilized wet paper towels before getting on the train and wipe your hands with wet paper towels before eating. Do not touch food directly with your hands. Try to use disposable cups, bowls and chopsticks. Try not to eat cold food.

4. Cystitis with suppressed urine

If you buy a sleeper ticket, it’s OK. The carriage won’t be too crowded and you can move easily. But if you take a ticket, the carriage will be full of people, and even the toilet will not be spared. How difficult it is to go to the toilet at this time. Some people do not hesitate to go to the toilet in order to avoid going to the toilet.

However, if you can’t urinate in time for various reasons, the urine can’t be emptied normally, and the functions of the bladder, ureter and kidney will be affected, especially if you hold your urine for a long time. If you often hold back your urine, it is not only easy to cause difficulty in urinating, but also may induce cystitis. For men, long-term urine suppression will aggravate the reflux of urine to the prostate and induce prostatitis. Women can cause diseases including urinary tract function and bladder.

suggestions: don’t hold your urine. If it’s inconvenient to go to the toilet, you can drink a little less water. But if you hold your urine, you should replenish a lot of water and flush the bladder to avoid breeding bacteria.

5. Economy class leg

Economy class leg is also called deep venous thrombosis. It is easy to form deep venous thrombosis when sitting in a confined space for a long time and the blood circulation becomes slow. If the thrombus moves to the lungs, it may also cause acute pulmonary embolism and cause death. This disease mostly occurs in passengers who fly in economy class, hence the name.

suggestions: passengers should change their sitting positions frequently on the way, move their legs and toes more, and massage their lower limbs with hands to help blood return. Drink water frequently and take a sip each time to avoid blood clots due to excessive viscosity. Doing “small movements” every hour can prevent the formation of thrombus in the lower limbs and relieve the edema to a certain extent. At the same time, whenever the train arrives at the station, I can get off the train for a walk and breathe fresh air.

6. Earphone ears

There is a long way to go home. Many people like to spend their time with pads and mobile phones. Putting on headphones seems to separate the bustling crowd. However, experts remind that wearing earphones for a long time can lead to hearing loss, tinnitus, ear pain, dizziness and headache, especially for teenagers, whose hearing organs are not yet mature, and the damage caused by earphones is more obvious. Children who listen to music and play games with earphones for a long time will not only suffer from hearing loss, but may also suffer from irritability, memory loss and inattention.

suggestions: when using earphones, it is better to control the volume so that you can still hear others when listening to songs, so as not to irritate your ears excessively. And the continuous use time must not be too long. It is best to take off the earphone for a rest every half an hour. Teenagers had better not use earphones. If they must use them, they had better choose the outer cover earphones produced by regular manufacturers. Such earphones have relatively good sound quality.

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