The so-called “seven orifices” mainly refer to the seven orifices of the face, namely, the second eye, the second ear, the nose, the mouth and the tongue. The essence and Qi of the five zang organs reach the seven orifices respectively, so the diseases of the five zang organs can often be reflected from the changes of the seven orifices. In people’s impression, the easiest word to think of when referring to “seven orifices” is “seven orifices bleeding”. So, how important are the seven orifices?
The book of internal medicine proposes that the heart opens the orifices in the tongue, the spleen opens the orifices in the mouth, the lungs opens the orifices in the nose, the liver opens the orifices in the eyes, and the kidney opens the orifices in the ears. That is to say, by observing the abnormalities of the five senses, we can understand the possible lesions in the heart, liver, spleen, lung and kidney.
the heart enlightens the tongue
“If the heart qi passes through the tongue, and the heart is harmonious, the tongue can know the five flavors.”. As a matter of fact, Qi in the heart can not only ensure that the tongue can distinguish the five flavors, but also ensure that the tongue can rotate flexibly and speak fluently. Generally speaking, the ruddy tongue color means that the Qi and blood in the heart are sufficient.
The heart controls the blood vessels, and the blood vessels on the tongue are the most abundant and superficial, so the tongue can also sensitively reflect the functional state of the heart. If the heart Yang is insufficient, the tongue will be fat and tender or purple and dark; If the heart Yin is insufficient, the tongue will be red and crimson; If your heart and blood are weak, your tongue will be dull; If the heart is inflamed, the tongue will be red, rotten, sore and painful; If the heart blood is blocked, the tongue is purple and dark or there are congestion spots; If the mind functions abnormally, there will be language barrier and inability to speak clearly.
the kidney opens the orifices in the ear
“If the kidney qi passes through the ear and the kidney harmonizes, you can hear the five tones.” In other words, those with sufficient Kidney Qi will have good hearing. In terms of Pathology, if the kidney essence is deficient, the brain marrow is insufficient, and dizziness, tinnitus, hearing loss and other symptoms are easy to occur. Patients with deficiency of kidney Yin often have the phenomenon of cicadas ringing in their ears.
In addition, hearing loss, deafness and other aging manifestations of the elderly are also closely related to the weak kidney qi of the elderly. Therefore, people with poor hearing can consider whether to supplement kidney qi.
The liver enlightens the eyes, and vision depends on the release and nutrition of liver qi. According to traditional Chinese medicine, the liver stores blood, and blood is the most direct material basis for eye activities. Therefore, the rise and fall of liver blood will directly affect visual function. If the liver blood is insufficient and the eyes are out of support, the eyes will be dizzy, the vision will be unclear, and problems such as night blindness will occur; If the liver meridian is full of fire, you can see redness, swelling and pain; Liver yin deficiency can cause dry and astringent eyes, or inflexible eyes and strabismus; Stagnation of liver qi for too long can lead to bitter mouth and dizziness.
the lung opens the orifices in the nose
“If the lung qi passes through the nose, and the lungs are harmonious, the nose can know the fragrance and smell.” The lung controls breathing, and the nose is the gateway for breathing in and out. Therefore, if the nose wants to play its normal ventilation and olfactory functions, it must rely on the coordination of lung qi and smooth breathing. In fact, the function of “lung controlling Qi” not only affects breathing, but also provides nutrition to the nose, ensures smooth nose and prevents nose diseases.
Clinically, some disease manifestations of the lung are often reflected in the nose. If the exogenous wind cold affects the lungs, the nose will be blocked and the smell will be affected; If the lungs are dry and hot, the nostrils are dry and astringent. On the contrary, if the above abnormal changes occur in the nose, it can be inferred that the lung is diseased.