1. What protective measures should be taken when climbing: choose suitable clothes
Before climbing, you need to choose suitable clothes first. Don’t wear shorts and tight pants. You must wear loose pants. Wearing shorts is easy to scratch the skin when climbing, and leggings will hinder the lifting and flexibility of legs. Shoes, you should also wear professional climbing shoes. If you wear ordinary shoes, the soles of your feet will be very uncomfortable and easy to be injured in the process of climbing.
2. What protective measures should be taken when climbing: wear safety harness
When climbing, fasten the safety belt and protective rope, and equip with ropes to avoid danger. When wearing safety harness, you should not tie it too tight or too loose. If it is too tight, it will affect your climbing posture, and if it is too loose, it will easily fall off. It is better to keep a distance of index finger from the width between legs. Knee pads, shoulder pads, elbow pads and helmets are also indispensable, especially when climbing in the wild.
3. What protective measures should be taken for climbing: protection from above
A form of protection in which the protection fulcrum is above the climber. In the process of climbing, the protector shall keep retracting the rope so that there is no rope left on the climber’s chest, but do not pull it too tight to avoid affecting the climber’s action. This should be paid special attention to when climbing up the elevation angle. The upper protection has no special requirements for climbers, and the impact force is small when falling, so it is safer. When protecting the lower part, the equipment used generally includes safety belt, iron lock and downcomer. When the protector retracts the rope, it should be noted that one hand should hold the rope behind the downcomer at any time (or hold the ropes at both ends of the downcomer together). It is difficult to stop the fall by holding only the rope in front of the downcomer.
4. What protective measures should be taken for climbing: protection from below
The protection fulcrum is located below the climber. There is no preset protection point above, but the climber keeps hanging the protection rope into the iron lock on the safety fulcrum during the ascent. This is the only feasible protection method for leading climbers, which is more practical and stipulated in international competitions. However, this protection method requires climbers to hang themselves for protection, and when falling, the falling distance is large and the impact is strong, so it is generally used by skilled people.
What are the basic points of rock climbing
Grasp: grasp the convex part of the rock by hand. Pick, pick the edges, cracks and edges of rocks with your hands.
Pull: on the premise of grasping the firm fulcrum above the front, stick your forearm to the rock wall, hold the stone gap or other terrain, and move your body upward or left and right with your arm.
Push: use the rock mass or object on the side or below to move the body with the force of the arm. Zhang, put your hand into the gap, bend and open your palm or fingers, so as to grasp the gap of the rock as a fulcrum and move your body.
Pedaling: support the body with the pedaling force of the inner side of the front foot or toes to reduce the burden of the upper limbs. Span, make use of its flexibility, avoid difficulties, and seek favorable support points.
Hanging: hang the rock with your toes or heels to maintain your balance and make your body move.
Stepping: use the front part of the foot to step on the larger fulcrum, reduce the burden of the upper limbs, and move the body.
Precautions for rock climbing
1. Before climbing in the wild, you must get correct guidance and not act blindly.
Don’t think that the skills you learned in the climbing gym can be directly translated into field operations. Don’t assume that your “experienced” partner knows everything you need to know.
2. Communicate with your partner.
Climbing is a project that requires the cooperation of teammates. If you can’t hear talking or shouting, create other communication methods, such as pulling a rope, to send a clear message to your partner. Similarly, before climbing, agree on the way of communication.
3. If you’re not sure, don’t do it.
If you are not 100% sure that you can safely untie the knot and re tie it, do not try to complete the operation of passing the main rope through the protection point and then lowering. If you are not sure that you can safely descend, do not descend. It’s better to be humble and admit that you need help than to risk your life.
4. Negotiate a climbing plan with your partner before you leave the ground.
If you are going to climb traditionally, what are you going to do when you reach the top? Do you want to find a mountain road to walk down, or let your partner put you down? Is the rope enough to get you back to the ground? Even if you are climbing with top rope, you should communicate relevant details in advance. Many accidents occur because there is no clear plan at the beginning.