mobile phone becomes a reward tool
Xiaobei, who had just entered the third year of junior high school, lost his mobile phone at the beginning of the year. Every three or five times, he pestered his mother to buy an iPhone 6 as a reward if he was admitted to a key high school in the middle school entrance examination. Xiaobei’s mother told the reporter that Xiaobei has been thinking about Apple’s mobile phone for a long time, and she usually relies heavily on it. “She is usually at home, holding her mobile phone whenever she has a break, chatting or listening to songs and playing games. Her glasses have risen by 100 degrees in a semester. What we usually say is useless. She confiscated her mobile phone several times, but she committed it again a few days later.”
Xiaobei does not agree with this kind of dependence. Almost all the students in the class have one, and they also turn on the phone in class. Sometimes they can hear a mobile phone ring in class. Usually we often compare whose mobile phone is more advanced and fun. Mobile phones are now the most popular test rewards among students.
“A recent survey involving more than 15000 primary and secondary school students in Shanghai found that 77.6% of them often use smartphones.” Yang Xiong, director of the Youth Research Institute of the Shanghai Academy of Social Sciences, told the life times that this is the highest utilization rate of all scientific and technological products. The survey found that the average self-control time of primary and secondary school students in Shanghai is only about 2 hours a day, and many people “contribute” it to mobile phones and other electronic products. It is difficult to guarantee the outdoor activity time of 1 hour.
Although children are not the “masters” of mobile phones, their dependence on mobile phones has not diminished.
“My daughter is 4 years old this year. The first thing she does when she comes home from kindergarten every day is to chase me for a mobile phone to play. If she doesn’t give it, she will cry and shout. Sometimes, I’m busy with my own business. When she comes to haunt me, I give her my mobile phone, and she will be quiet immediately.” Ms. Luo from Shanghai told the reporter that when her daughter was about two years old, the tom cat game on her mobile phone became a “sharp weapon to stop crying”. When she was three or four years old, she played mobile games more smoothly than adults. She saw her daughter hiding in the room without the light on several times and playing on the bed with both hands. As soon as she got angry, she beat her daughter violently, but it didn’t take long before she committed it again. A while ago, my daughter kept saying that she could not see clearly. Ms. Luo took her to check her eyesight. Unexpectedly, she was 200 degrees myopic.
In fact, it is not uncommon for parents like Ms. Luo to use mobile phones as their children’s “electronic nannies” in order to save trouble. The reporter randomly investigated 20 parents around him, and 15 of them said that they would throw their mobile phones to their children when they were busy and irritable, so as to win a clean place for themselves.
vision loss is the most direct hazard.
The most direct impact of playing mobile phones for a long time on the next generation is vision loss. On the social platform “wechat”, a message was wildly spread: “three doctors from the eye center of Beijing Tongren Hospital conducted a 7-day experiment on their children. The results showed that: after playing mobile phones for 20 minutes, the average vision of the three children was close to the state of mild pseudomyopia; after playing tablet computers for 20 minutes, the tear film rupture time was equivalent to that of dry eye patients.”
Chen Youxin, deputy director of Ophthalmology of Peking Union Medical College Hospital, said that there is no definite evidence to prove that fluorescent screens will cause eye damage and there is insufficient evidence of the impact of mobile phone signal radiation. However, it is universally recognized that long-term use of mobile phones and other electronic products will lead to an increase in the incidence rate of myopia. This is mainly related to close eye use and lack of outdoor activities. Staring at the screen for a long time will affect the secretion of tears, easily lead to visual fatigue, thus triggering or aggravating myopia, and may also turn pseudomyopia into true myopia. Statistics from Beijing Tongren Hospital show that every year, the age of primary and secondary school students’ glasses is going down, with a decrease of 2-3 years old, and the degree of glasses is constantly rising. Another survey also found that the myopia rate of 16-18 year olds in China has risen from less than 1 / 3 in 1970 to nearly 4 / 5 today.
In addition, a survey conducted by the Hong Kong Polytechnic University found that nearly 30% of teenagers had neck pain, shoulder pain, wrist discomfort and other symptoms due to long-term use of mobile phones, computers and other electronic products.
affect attention and patience
Experts believe that if teenagers and children at an important stage of physical and mental development use mobile phones improperly for a long time, they may also cause the following problems:
First of all, I am not focused. Yang Xiong said that the fragmented way of obtaining information on mobile phones will affect the attention of teenagers and children. Too much, too much and too much information bombardment on mobile phones, and “shallow reading” that cannot be sustained and in-depth is not conducive to the development of the hippocampus of the brain and is not conducive to long-term memory. This is more evident in children than in adults.
Second, increase the possibility of Internet addiction. Li Xinying, associate researcher of the Institute of psychology of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, has conducted a survey on Internet addiction among more than 2000 teenagers aged 10 to 18. She found that “what to do with electronic products” was closely related to what impact it had. Relatively speaking, it is not easy to cause problems when it is used to obtain information such as learning materials or to socialize; Playing games will greatly increase the possibility of Internet addiction. Smartphones transfer games from computers to hands, making it easier to play games, which will undoubtedly increase the possibility of Internet Addiction of some teenagers and children.
Again, it is easy to be impatient and aggressive. Li Xinying said that on the one hand, rich information can expand the vision and knowledge of young people and children. On the other hand, mobile phones and the mobile Internet have also increased the opportunities for young people and children to contact all kinds of bad information such as violence and pornography. Teenagers and children who are often exposed to bad information are relatively more aggressive and less patient.
parents should be good gatekeepers
Yang Jian, a professor at the child development research center of Wuhan University, said that children’s excessive obsession with mobile phones may be related to the lack of interaction with their parents in life. When the companionship provided by parents is not as attractive as video games, children’s dependence on mobile phones will be increased.
Reduce the frequency and time of using mobile phones in front of children. Children’s self-control and choice are limited, and parents should assume the responsibility of “gatekeeping”. Yang Xiong said that this is not to roughly prohibit children from playing with mobile phones, so as not to cause rebellious psychology, but to reduce the time they spend using their mobile phones in front of children, fully check what they do with their mobile phones, download learning materials, listen to songs, and make friends with like-minded friends, but to stop browsing violence, pornography and other information.
In reality, we should increase parent-child interaction. Yang Jian said that parents should spend more time with their children, play more educational and creative games with them, and take their children to outdoor activities on weekends, so that they can have more contact with their peers, participate in more social activities, and pull their children out of electronic products such as mobile phones.
Limit children’s use time. Yang Xiong believes that preschool children should avoid contacting electronic products. School age children should not exceed 30 minutes at a time, and senior primary and junior high school students should not exceed one hour.
Actively participate in children’s “mobile world”. Li Xinying said that before playing games, parents might as well experience them first to determine whether there is bad information in the games. If it is suitable for children, let them play. Parents may as well play with their children and discuss the content of the game with their children when they have time. For example, what is his role and main task in the game? This helps to pull children out of the “closed” game world. After connecting with parents, it can not only improve the parent-child relationship, but also avoid them from being affected by bad information.
Study the “ban” issued by foreign schools. Yang Xiong suggested that China’s primary and secondary schools should also learn from the experience of Japan and Britain and restrict the use of mobile phones by primary and secondary school students in school. At present, some schools in Shanghai and other places have also issued relevant “bans”. However, he believes that the “ban” can not be applied across the board, and different provisions should be made for different grades according to specific circumstances. For example, a school in the UK stipulates that students below grade three can’t bring mobile phones to school, and other grades can, but parents must fill in the consent form in advance and obtain the school’s approval.