With the arrival of the hot summer, many people put on shorts and sandals. Xiaoli was envious of them. She looked down at her feet and felt inexplicably sad. A few years ago, when she was still studying, she wore slippers indiscriminately for a long time, and her unruly gray nails kept up with her. She tried various methods, but the symptoms were difficult to alleviate.
what is onychomycosis
Onychomycosis, commonly known as onychomycosis and also known as “goose claw wind” in traditional Chinese medicine, is a chronic infectious nail disease caused by dermatophytes, yeasts and molds invading the deck and nail beds under the deck. Onychomycosis is a common and frequently occurring disease in dermatology, and it is also a relatively troublesome disease to treat. The manifestations of greyish nails include turbid and tarnished nails, thick nails, uneven nail surface, nail separation, discoloration, atrophy of deck, falling off of deck, cocking of deck or nail hook, or manifesting as paronychia. Middle aged and old people, diabetes patients, people with low immune function, or people with traumatic nails, easy to sweat, and wearing tight shoes and socks for a long time are all potential vulnerable groups to onychomycosis.
Why do you get onychomycosis
the first reason for onychomycosis: personal hygiene habits
People who love sports have a higher probability of having onychomycosis than ordinary people. Personal hygiene habits are directly related to onychomycosis.
As mentioned above, Xiao Li, who wears slippers carelessly and pays no attention to hygiene for a long time, may be “taken advantage of” by fungi. This “bad habit” is closely related to the occurrence of onychomycosis. Those who often bathe and change clothes have a low probability of getting onychomycosis. Those who bathe and swim in public places such as public bathrooms and pools with poor sanitary conditions are more likely to get onychomycosis. Those who keep pet cats and dogs are also high-risk groups of onychomycosis. In addition, patients with chronic diseases such as malnutrition, diabetes, hyperthyroidism and other diseases are also more likely to suffer from onychomycosis. Some severe patients such as AIDS and advanced cancer not only have a high incidence rate of fungal ringworm, but also are stubborn and difficult to treat.
cause 2 of onychomycosis: surrounding environmental factors
The important condition for the onset of onychomycosis is high temperature and humidity, so compared with winter and dry season, summer and rainy season have become the high incidence seasons of onychomycosis, and the incidence rate of some dry and cold resistant onychomycosis ringworm is high no matter what season. In addition, the life and working environment of patients are also an important reason for the onset of onychomycosis, for example, the incidence rate of closed, stuffy and humid places is higher than that of well ventilated places.
causes of onychomycosis III: individual genetic factors
Genetic factor is another important factor leading to persistent nail nail nail failure, and its pathogenesis is related to autosomal dominant inheritance.
cause 4 of onychomycosis: female pregnancy
During pregnancy, due to the endocrine disorder in the body, the resistance of pregnant women decreases, and finger (toe) nail dystrophy is easy to occur, which promotes fungal infection and causes onychomycosis.
cause 5 of onychomycosis: drug effect
Taking antibiotics, immunosuppressants, corticosteroids and other drugs for a long time will cause the normal flora of the human body to be out of order, resulting in a large number of fungi and causing onychomycosis.